Tooth Enamel Repair Services From Raptou Family Dental

Tooth enamel is the hard outer layer of your teeth that protects the dentin underneath. Although strong, it can erode, leaving your teeth vulnerable to tooth decay and other damage.


Tooth enamel does not contain living cells, so once it is damaged, it cannot be regrown. This makes it important to take preventative measures and get treatment for eroded enamel.

1. Fluoride Toothpaste

Fluoride is a natural mineral that keeps teeth healthy. It is added to many toothpaste brands and to the water supply in some areas, to help prevent tooth decay and strengthen weakened enamel.

Enamel erodes when acidic foods and drinks are consumed frequently. The weakened enamel makes it easier for bacteria to enter the hard tooth structure and cause cavities or tooth decay.

Tooth enamel repair products contain ingredients like calcium, phosphate, and hydroxyapatite that rebuild weakened enamel. They also contain humectants to retain moisture in the mouth and binding agents to keep the toothpaste from hardening.

While these products can help remineralize weakened enamel, they cannot repair or heal cavities that have already formed. Regular dental visits and a healthy diet are still the best way to prevent and treat tooth decay. If you suspect you have a cavity, it is important to see your dentist right away for treatment.

2. Flossing

Tooth enamel is tough and protects your teeth from damage and decay. However, it can also wear down or become destroyed. When this happens, your teeth are more susceptible to cavities and other problems that may require tooth extractions or other dental services from Raptou Family Dental. This is commonly caused by acids in your mouth, including those found in sugary or fizzy drinks, citrus fruits, stomach acid and other dietary sources.

Flossing removes the bacteria and food debris that builds up between your teeth. Unlike brushing, which can cause friction that damages enamel, flossing is a soft and safe way to remove plaque. Using a soft-bristled toothbrush, and flossing daily is important in protecting your enamel and preventing gingivitis.

While the human body can’t naturally restore tooth enamel, weakened or damaged enamel can be restored with good oral hygiene habits, fluoride treatments, limiting sugary foods and drinks, eating dairy and calcium-rich foods, drinking water and other approaches that your dentist may recommend.

3. Dental Sealants

Sealants are thin coatings painted on the chewing surfaces of back teeth (molars and premolars) to prevent tooth decay by creating a protective shell. They shield the deep grooves and pits that can trap bits of food, which leads to bacteria and acids that attack the enamel.

The process of placing dental sealants is quick, painless and does not require anesthesia or drilling. First, the tooth to be sealed is thoroughly cleaned. Then it is isolated by covering it with cotton or other absorbent material to keep saliva out. An acid etching solution is then painted on the chewing surfaces to roughen them up, which allows the sealant to bond more effectively.

The sealant is then painted on the tooth surface, filling the pits and grooves, and is finally “cured” by shining a curing light on it. The procedure is completely painless and takes only a few minutes per tooth.

4. Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a simple, safe outpatient procedure that can help repair minor cosmetic damage in a single office visit. It involves applying a tooth-colored composite resin to the tooth and shaping it to repair the discoloration or chips.

The dentist will work with you to select a composite resin color that closely matches the color of your natural teeth. Before applying the composite, they’ll lightly etch or abrade your tooth and coat it with a conditioning liquid that helps the bonding material stick.

Afterwards, they’ll apply the putty-like resin to your tooth and mold it. Once they’ve shaped it correctly, they’ll harden it with a laser or ultraviolet light.

Bonding is not as durable as your natural teeth, so it’s not a good choice for chewing or biting down on hard foods. It’s also not as stain-resistant, so you may need to avoid certain foods that can cause teeth stains and discoloration.

5. Dental Veneers

Dental veneers are teeth overlays that can be sculpted to match the shape, size, and color of your natural teeth. They can hide multiple issues at once including cracks, chips, stains that don’t respond to bleaching or whitening treatments, mild misalignment (like crooked teeth or gaps), and other structural damage to your teeth.

At your first appointment, the dentist will take X-rays of your mouth and make impressions of your teeth to create a mold or model for your new veneers. They will also look at your smile from all angles, examine your facial structure, and study how you talk to ensure that the new veneers fit, function, and compliment your natural bite.

If you choose composite resin veneers, the dentist will etch the surface of each tooth and apply a thin layer of dental bonding material to the teeth. An ultraviolet light is then used to bind the cement to the teeth and harden it.

6. Dental Crowns

A dental crown is a cap that’s placed on top of a damaged tooth to restore its shape, size, strength and appearance. It can be made of porcelain, ceramics or metals, and it’s usually custom-made for each patient to look natural and fit comfortably in the mouth.

A crown can help if you have significant enamel erosion, such as from persistent acid erosion due to GERD or chronic acid reflux. While enamel can’t grow back, it can regenerate and remineralize with proper oral care and treatment.

You can also use a tooth-colored resin to repair smaller chips and cracks. However, this treatment isn’t as durable as a dental crown. Avoid sticky or hard foods to protect your tooth crown. A dentist can recommend the best option for you after evaluating your condition and oral health. DHMO and discount dental plans typically cover the cost of these restorative treatments.