Multifamily Mortgage Loan Options

If you are looking to buy a multifamily property, there are many financing options available to you. You may choose from conventional lenders, life insurance companies, and CMBS lenders. These lenders have different requirements for income, credit and debt-to-income ratios.


Conventional mortgage lenders typically require a down payment of 15% for two-unit homes and 25% for three or four-unit properties. This is a higher amount than the down payment required for owner-occupied single-family homes.


There are several types of multifamily mortgage loans available to borrowers, each with its own unique set of qualifications and requirements. To understand the different options, it’s important to speak with a multifamily financing expert. This will help you determine the type of loan that is right for you and your financial goals.

Multifamily mortgage loans are available for both owner-occupied and investment properties. The requirements for each differ, but the basic guidelines are the same. Owner-occupied loans require a down payment of 15% for duplexes and 20% for three- to four-unit properties. Investment property loans generally require a down payment of 30% or more. In either case, you’ll need to provide proof of income, credit, and debt-to-income ratios.

The different multifamily financing options include government-backed apartment loans, conventional mortgages, and portfolio loans. Government-backed apartment loans, which are backed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and Freddie Mac, offer competitive rates and flexible underwriting guidelines. They are ideal for investors who plan to live in one of the units and rent out the others.

Another option is the commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) loan, which is a non-recourse loan that can be used to purchase apartment complexes. This financing is typically used by investors who want to purchase market-rate apartments. The loan also offers competitive interest rates and can be combined with local tax credits.


HUD offers a variety of multifamily mortgage loan options, including Section 223(f), which allows for higher leverage and faster closings than other HUD financing types. This type of multifamily financing requires a higher credit score and more extensive financial analysis, but it can be a great option for investors seeking to refinance existing loans.

Multifamily borrowers are generally for-profit corporations, limited liability companies, partnerships or real estate investment trusts that invest in multifamily properties to generate rental income and equity returns. They may also use their investments to provide low-income housing for the elderly, disabled or other disadvantaged groups. In addition, many borrowers use multifamily loans to buy and remodel apartments for sale or rent.

Lenders typically require a borrower to have sufficient income to cover their debt and operating expenses, as well as the costs of unforeseen repairs or maintenance. They will also evaluate the property’s location, market demand and tenant mix to determine its ability to generate sufficient income to repay the loan.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac offer a variety of multifamily mortgage loan options, such as interest-only, fixed-rate, hybrid rates or ARMs. These GSEs also offer a number of pricing incentives for energy-efficient buildings and affordable housing. They also conduct significant oversight of the properties that secure their loans, including on-site inspections and review of financial and property-level reporting.


There are many fees associated with multifamily mortgage loans, and they vary depending on the lender. Some are negotiable, while others are not. For example, an origination fee typically covers labor overhead associated with processing your loan application. It can range from 0.5 to 1% of the loan amount. You should always ask a lender to give you an estimate of these fees before applying for a mortgage. In addition to these fees, you will also need to provide a credit authorization and related information, financial statements, schedule of real estate, and as applicable, entity documents. In addition, you must provide a down payment of 15% if you plan to live in the property or 25% if you don’t.

Conventional mortgages are usually used to finance multifamily properties, and they can be either long-term or short-term. They are offered by conventional banks, life companies, agency and CMBS lenders, debt funds, and online marketplaces. Some of these lenders offer residential (2-4 unit) multifamily mortgages, while others focus more on commercial multifamily financing.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac offer several different mortgage programs for investors. These loans can be fixed-rate or variable and have terms up to 30 years. They also offer pricing incentives for properties that meet green standards and affordable housing requirements. Investors can use these loans to season and renovate a property before refinancing.

Interest rates

When considering financing for multifamily properties, it is important to understand the rates and fees involved. This includes interest rates, mortgage insurance and origination charges. Typically, the higher the loan amount, the higher the rate of interest. It is also important to find a lender that has experience with multifamily loans and can provide competitive terms. A good place to start is by interviewing lenders and comparing their rates and terms.

Conventional multifamily loans offer low interest rates and flexible terms for both residential and investment property. These are a great option for investors looking to buy and hold multifamily properties for long-term investments. This type of financing is also available to borrowers with lower credit scores, as it is backed by the government.

While interest rates may increase this year, they should not dampen the market for multifamily lending. The government-sponsored enterprises Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae are incentivized to promote affordable housing, so they will likely continue to offer low rates on this segment of the market.

Fannie Mae multifamily mortgages are available to finance apartment buildings with five or more units nationwide. They offer fixed-rate mortgages for up to 30 years and high LTV ratios of up to 80%. These loans are also nonrecourse and can be used for both new purchases and refinances.